Mace Pepper Sprays are formulated to be a safe, effective, and less-than-lethal means of self defense. Effects: Mace Pepper Spray is a formulation of Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) a natural ingredient derived from hot peppers. Upon direct facial contact, OC Pepper causes eyes to slam shut, coughing, and an intense burning sensation to the skin with extreme discomfort of vision and the respiratory system. Effects should lessen in approximately 45 minutes. Use: For maximum effect and range, it is recommended to prepare Pepper Spray for immediate use with a few rapid shakes prior to taking aim and discharging at your attacker. Deploy Pepper Spray by using thumb or forefinger to depress trigger in short 2 to 3 second bursts, Pepper Spray can be quickly dispensed if trigger is continuously depressed. Safety: Strong irritant, keep out of reach of children. Read instructions and first-aid directions included with your Pepper Spray prior to use. If accidentally exposed to Pepper Spray, remove contaminated contact lenses and clothing immediately, flush effected areas with plenty of cool water and expose to fresh air as soon as possible. Spray canisters are under pressure, do not puncture or incinerate. Storage: Store in cool dry areas away from heat, flame or strong sunlight. Do not store where temperature may exceed 120°F/50°C such as an enclosed vehicle, which can cause spray canisters to leak from over pressurization and fail to function properly. Do not store in cold environments below 32°F/0°C, which can cause depressurization and the loss of effective range. Expiration: Mace Pepper Spray has an approximate shelf-life of 4 years, each unit is labeled with an expiration date. Expired units may have reduced effectiveness and loss of range or fail to function, and should be disposed of in acordance with local environmental regulations.